what is Feng Shui

What is Feng Shui

Feng shui originates from 五术 (wu shu) 山医命相卜 covering 5 aspects. Mountain, medicine, destiny, physiognomy and prediction. Feng shui is classify as physiognomy 相术.

Physiognomy are observations, formulas and calculations. Guo Pu 郭璞 one of the major grand master of feng shui coined “Feng Shui” in Burial Classic as 乘生气也, 陰陽之气…古人聚之使不散, 行之使有止, 风水之法, 得水為上, 藏风次之.

1. Vital Life Energy (wind) and importance of Water

The quote reveals key concepts of feng shui, attract vital life energy “sheng qi 生气” from environment, entrap  藏风 and uses it. Beside containing energy, it stress the greater importance of water as an enhancement, thus the term wind 风 water 水 – Feng Shui. Today practitioners of feng shui added a touch of class with interchangeable term, call it metaphysics or geomancy or pseudoscience.

feng shui Form and qi

“Environment” are external and internal. External environment are highs and lows of physical terrain. Roads leading to office building or home apartment. The lift and it’s walkway. Internal environment refers to the structural functions like doors, kitchen, bedroom etc. The foundation concept of feng shui build upon how we manage and align the positive energy from our environment.

2. Feng Shui concerns the External Environment as primary importance

阳宅十书: 人之居处宜以大地山河为主,其来脉气势最大,关系人祸福最为切要。若大形不善,总内形得法,终不全吉。故论宅外形第一
The location where a person choose to build his house should depend on the surrounding mountains and river formation. In short feng shui concerns “the external environment”. It is not placement of lucky charms or jadeite. If external landforms are bad, there are limitations to how we could improve the energy within the house (internal environment).  

2 Main disciplines of feng shui schools 

a. “Form school 峦头派 ” observation of the external environment includes terrain 形势 symbolism 形象 and form management 形法.

b. “Energy Management school 理气派” (a) 三元玄空 (b) 八宅 (c) 三元紫白 (d) 三合 (e) 翻卦 (f) 五行 (g) 玄空大卦 (h) 八卦 (i) 九星飞泊 (j) 奇门 (k) 阳宅三要 etc.

The list is not exhaustive, just to give you an idea of the breadth and depth of feng shui teachings. Therefore different schools used different methodologies & formulas to provide solutions which could be confusing because sometime applications contradicts. For example you can resolve fire by drowning it with water (water element) OR suffocate it by soil (earth-element), both works.

3. Form management 峦头 

Origins of fengshui started with Form school studying burial ground terrain. Today we study modern landforms such as buildings, roads, MRTs, expressways, lifts, passageway etc

Form can be interpret as “mountain” or “water” and either found externally or internally. External are surroundings outside of your house and internal form is the structure of your home. Any higher terrain relative to your house are considered as “mountains”. E.g. John stayed on 12th floor. Any height higher is regarded as mountains. and anything lower is water.

Wide open space, swimming pool, roads are also considered as water. The shape, size, substance, colour, building height, direction of the environment surrounding your house affects home feng shui. Internal forms besides structure are locations of toilet, main door, walls etc.

4. Energy management 理气 the use of logic and reasoning

Classical feng shui wisdom believe in the existence of invisible “qi” or vital-life force that permeates the universe. This is similar to unseen bad energies like bluetooth, wifi signals, sound waves, radiation, electromagnetism etc.

There are numerous formula schools, the more popular and accurate is San Yuan principle 三元玄空风水理气. Notice the wisdom of these 2 Chinese characters 理气 implies the use of 道理 facts 管理 for management  and 论理 logic.

5.  Timing in feng shui 抢运 

One popular formula on timing & energy management is “SanYuan XuanKong flying star 三元玄空飞星”. Chinese character 玄 represents “heavenly timing 天时”,  空 refers to a given space or area 空间及方位 .

If you are in the market to invest in properties, you could consider using XuanKong earth’s timing as part of your forecasting too. Most things in life goes through a cycle. 12 years from now we are into Period 9 starting from year 2024 to 2043, South region is the booming area.


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